Discover the Island of Giglio
The breautiful island Isola del Giglio is located in the center of the Tyrrhenian Sea, just 11 miles from the Argentario Promontory. With its 21 square kilometers it is second in size among the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago and counts around 1500 inhabitants mainly living in Giglio Porto and Castello.
The island of Giglio is known above all for its natural beauties: the crystal clear sea, with rich and fishy seabed, are the setting for a 90% untouched nature where the low Mediterranean vegetation still reigns with its colors and perfumes.
Beautiful sandy beaches and isolated coves, ancient paths immersed in a rich nature, breathtaking views, a picturesque port and the charming medieval village of Giglio Castello make of Giglio island a treasure to be discovered.
It is the ideal destination for all those who love a genuine relationship with nature and the rustic country environment, the sea, walks, bird watching, minerals and the fascinating underwater world. The temperate climate allows the visitor to enjoy a wonderful holiday in every season.
Satellite Pic of Giglio
Map with names of the coves
Landscape of Giglio Island
Giglio Island is located about 16 km west of Monte Argentario, 50 km south of Elba, in the southern corner of the Tuscan archipelago - a group of island that lie between Tuscany and Corsica. It covers an area of 23,89 square kilometres, is about 8 km long, 28 km in circumference and has axis N-NW to S-SE.
Almost completely mountainous, its highest point, Poggio della Pagana, reaches 496 meters a.s.l. (around 1500 feet). From the top, particularly on a clear day, one can enjoy a spectacular panorama of the coast and of the other islands of the Tuscan archipelago.
Giglio is almost totally made of granite, with the exception of the promontory of Franco, which is characterized by limestone and Palaeozoic quartzite. At the northern point of the promontory you will find a spectacular rock, the Faraglione of Campese.
Find out more: Hiking trails on the Giglio island »
Flora and Fauna of Giglio
The Isola del Giglio lies uninhabited for 90% of its territory - here flora and fauna of great beauty and interest dominate the wild nature, especially in springtime, when the island explodes in colours, becoming a picture of incredible beauty.
The mild Mediterranean climate, characterized by a high level of summer dryness accompanied by the frequent sea breeze, favours evergreen plants such as those with coriaceous leaves or thorns (like the broom). The original vegetation of elm oak woods has made place nowadays to the Mediterranean macchia. First because of the once extensive agriculture for which almost everywhere on the island small terraces were build, on the other hand because of the damming fires, which haunt the island again and again in the summer.
The botanical species, however, are rich in abundance - a researcher had registered over 700 - ranging from strawberry trees on heather to chestnut trees. In some places the island was also reforested with pines.
In addition, there are some rare animals on Giglio, such as the frog "Discoglosso sardo", the peregrine falcon, and the royal and Corsican seagulls, whereas vipers and other venomous animals are all but missing.
Giglio's Sea and Coastline
The impressive coastline, 28 kilometres long, where cliffs of granite alternate with coves, bays and sandy beaches, is generally more gentle on the eastern coast while on the western side you find steep slopes and lofty, majestic cliffs running right down to the sea.
Most of the coast is made up of smooth granite rocks which are often comfortable to lie down, offer easy access to the sea and also allow you to dive. The north-western part instead is characterized by limestone and is more rigid, in some places the mountains just seem to fall into the sea. But it is here that there are the other small pebble stone beaches of the island, hidden beaches and inaccessible from the ground.
With its crystal clear waters, never excessively cold, and the seabed rich in walls, caves, shoals and wrecks, Giglio offer the diving enthusiasts an impressive series of diving spots. Posidonia meadows, marvelous orgones, and colorful sponges make this area a real natural heritage.
In deeper waters you can observe Ricciole, Barracuda and shoal of Leccis as well as huge tunas up to 3 meters long. The numerous rock crevices and caves are inhabited by moray eels, crabs, lobsters and perches. On calm days of spring and summer young whales (sperm whales) can be seen on the open sea. And if you are lucky, dolphin swarms approach the ship's bow.
The three major equipped beaches are: Campese on the west coast and Cannelle and Arenella on the eastern coast. They are all accessible by car. The fourth biggest sandy beach is Caldane, situated a 20 minutes walk to the south from the Cannelle beach and reachable only by sea or by foot…
Find out more: Giglio's Beaches and Coast »
The major Beaches
The villages on Giglio are three: Giglio Porto, the only port where you arrive with the ferries, Giglio Castello on top of a mountain with its medieval fortification, and Giglio Campese with its wide and long beach.
Giglio Porto is the only harbour of the island, small and picturesque, with multicolored houses and the sea of unimaginable clarity for a port. In its narrow buzzing streets there are shops of all kinds alternated with restaurants, bars and ice cream parlors. Things to see: the Torre del Saraceno and the remains of the walls of a Roman villa (now incorporated in the houses) in the same-named cove.
The charming village of Giglio Castello rises on the heights of the Isola del Giglio at 405 meters a.s.l. Within the medieval city walls nothing seems to have changed over the centuries: narrow lanes and alleys alternate with little squares. Things to see: the church of San Pietro Apostolo with numerous finds. From the village you can admire incredible views of the whole Tuscan Archipelago and start on one of the many hiking trails.
Giglio Campese is situated on the west side of the island and is more of a tourist settlement along it's long and wide sandy beach. Symbol of the beautiful bay is a monolithic rock, the Faraglione, that emerges for 20 meters on the left end side of the bay and the medieval fortified tower Torre del Campese on the other. Thanks to the north-westward orientation you can enjoy beautiful sunsets from the beach.
Find out more: The villages on the Giglio island »
Island of Giglio Celebrations
The most important events on Giglio are the festivities of the Patron of the villages:
- August 10th, San Lorenzo, Giglio Porto
- August 16th, San Rocco, Giglio Campese
- September 15th, San Mamiliano, Giglio Castello
In addition, various other events, activities for children, festivals and concerts are organized during the summer period. Also noteworthy is the Grape Festival and Open Taverns in Giglio Castello on the last weekend of September.
Find out more: Events on Giglio »
The island of Giglio can be reached with an hour of navigation starting from Porto Santo Stefano (Monte Argentario). The two shipping companies Toremar and Maregiglio make numerous multi-day trips to Giglio Porto. During the winter the sea connections are reduced and are offered mainly by the Toremar company.
Find out more: Ferry timetables and reservations »
Moreover, from the end of June to the middle of September, day trips are offered by cruise ships from Porto Santo Stefano and Castiglione delle Pescaia. The mini-cruises with destination of the island Giglio and Giannutri include stops of about 2-3 hours for a visit of the island or for a swim in the sea.
From Giglio Porto numerous boats offer a taxi boat service which brings visitors to the different beaches and coves or to make a trip around the island. Regular buses also run from the port, connecting the other two locations Giglio Castello and Giglio Campese regularly. There are also taxi services and rental services for scooters, bicycles and cars in Giglio Porto.
Find out more: Getting Around on Giglio »
Map of Giglio Island
Fact Sheet Giglio Island
Name: Isola del Giglio
Province: Grosseto (GR)
Latitudine: 42° 21' Nord
Longitudine: 10° 45' Est
Area: 21,2 km²
Length: 8,3 km (N/O-S/E)
Width: 4,7 km
Elevation: 496 m s.l.m. Poggio della Pagana
Coast: 28 km
Popoluation: 1.399 (2013)
Density: 59 inh./km²
Phone Code: Tel. +39 0564
Suburbs and Postal Codes:
Giglio Castello, CAP 58012
Giglio Porto, CAP 58013
Giglio Campese, CAP 58012
Isola di Giannutri, CAP 58019
15 km Monte Argentario
52 km (28,8 m) Isola d'Elba
62 km Isola Pianosa
43 km (27,4 m) Isola di Montecristo
15 km (12,1 m) Isola di Giannutri
18 km (11 m) Porto S. Stefano
(15,5 m) Porto Ercole
25 km (15 m) Talamone
* m = miglia marine
The Biggest Italian Island
Sicily: 25.426,2 kmq
Sardinia: 23.812,6 kmq
Elba (Tuscany): 223,5
Sant'Antioco (Sardinia): 108,9 kmq
Pantelleria (Sicily): 83,0 kmq
San Pietro (Sardinia): 51,3 kmq
Asinara (Sardinia): 50,9 kmq
Ischia (Campania): 46,4 kmq
Lipari (Sicily): 37,3 kmq
Salina (Sicily): 26,1 kmq
Giglio (Tuscany): 21,2 kmq
Vulcano (Sicily): 20,9 kmq
Lampedusa (Sicily): 20,2 kmq
La Maddalena (Sardinia): 20,1 kmq
Google Map with Travel Information
» Find out more: www.wikipedia.org/isola-del-giglio